How We Got Where We Are, and the Value of the Past

Archbishop Charles J. Chaput, O.F.M. Cap. is the spiritual leader of the Archdiocese of Philadelphia. He writes columns on topics of interest to Catholics and the broader community.

Archbishop Charles J. Chaput, O.F.M. Cap. is the spiritual leader of the Archdiocese of Philadelphia. He writes columns on topics of interest to Catholics and the broader community.

“The failure of medieval Christendom was not a function of the demonstrated or demonstrable falsity of central doctrinal truth claims of the Christian faith … It was, at root, a botching of moral execution, a failure to practice what was preached.” – Brad Gregory, “The Unintended Reformation”

“We are waiting, not for another political savior or television personality, but for a Dominic or a Francis, an Ignatius or a Wesley, a Wilberforce or a Newman, a Bonhoeffer or a Solzhenitsyn.  Only sanctity can justify Christianity’s existence; only sanctity can make the case for faith; only sanctity, or the hope thereof, can ultimately redeem the world.” – Ross Douthat, “Bad Religion”

In early September, the Gallup Organization found that 60 percent of Americans – a record high — have little or no trust in the mass media’s ability “to report the news fully, accurately and fairly.” The sharpest decline in trust occurred among political independents, the least partisan American voters.

This isn’t much of a surprise. Media coverage of religion, for example, has been eroding in both quality and fairness for years, as tracked by excellent web sites like getreligion.org. But the shift to social advocacy and the decay of professional standards have hurt the credibility of journalism on a whole range of issues. For Gallup, the trend “poses a challenge to democracy and to creating a fully engaged citizenry.”

Why should this matter for Catholics? Two reasons.

First, especially in an election year, we need to bring a healthy dose of skepticism to what we read in The New York Times or Newsweek magazine. We need to do the same in watching CNN, Fox or MSNBC. On disputed moral and social issues, none of these press organizations is, on its own, an adequate source of good information. Each has its biases. And too often those biases include a disdain for Catholic belief.

Second, today’s news media are, in a sense, victims of their own urgency; crippled by their appetite for the next breaking story. But we can’t understand the present climate in our country without understanding the past. Politics is important. How we vote in November will help choose the course of our nation, for good or ill.

But as Christians, our story began long before this campaign season. It will continue long after.  Our task is to reform our own lives even as we witness Jesus Christ to the world — not just by our words, but by our actions. We can’t do that alone, as freelancers. Catholic discipleship is a life in community, the community we know as the Church, guided by her teachings.

Over the past few months, two books have left a deep impression on how I see the world we Christians today are called to evangelize. Each illuminates the present through the lens of the past.

The first (Bad Religion), by columnist Ross Douthat, traces the course of Christianity in American history especially since World War II. “While the United States remains a deeply religious country,” Douthat writes, real Christian faith has gradually been displaced by forms of spirituality tailored to personal convenience, with devastating results.

The second (The Unintended Reformation), by historian Brad Gregory, follows the step-by-step growth of today’s aggressive unbelief and moral confusion from the breakup of Christian unity in the Protestant-Catholic struggles of the early modern era.

Neither book is anything like a voter’s guide. Neither is “political” in any practical sense. But for any reader who wants to understand how we got to the conflicted moral landscape of the world we now inhabit, these two extraordinary books are a great place to start. In helping to explain the present, they help us see the kind of Christian charity and witness we need to shape the future.  That makes them invaluable.


Ross Douthat, “Bad Religion: How We Became a Nation of Heretics,” Free Press, New York, 2012; and Brad S. Gregory, “The Unintended Reformation: How a Religious Revolution Secularized Society,” Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, 2012.

Editor's Note: Columns will be published each week on www.CatholicPhilly.com and can also be found at http://archphila.org/archbishop-chaput/statements/statements.php.  

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Richard Weisgrau September 28, 2012 at 02:26 AM
I find it puzzling that a spokesperson for the Catholic Church would focus on the credibility of journalism and the supposition that news outlets "too often those biases include a disdain for Catholic belief. Hypocrisy spawns disdain. The Church has demonstrated all to well that it has been a hypocrite or worse by hiding the fact of and perpetrators of child molestation. There are more priests in jail and being sued than journalists.
Morgan King September 28, 2012 at 03:05 AM
Regardless of one's religious or political leanings, it seems hard for anyone to deny that ad-supported 24-hour heavily-partisan info-tainment that passes for news isn't some sort of crisis. The internet's vastness, while it does make up it to an extent, only makes it easier for people to ignore news that challenges their positions, letting many rely on being spoonfed rhetoric instead of thoroughly researched information. The lack of a reliable and trustworthy central news source just furthers the seemingly-widening ideological divide in this country.
Richard Weisgrau September 28, 2012 at 03:14 AM
I agree. There is real news and pseudo-news. It is harder to find the former than the latter. Still, when a propagandist questions the integrity of news media he paints with too wide a brush. The pot should never call the kettle black.
Bill Poll September 28, 2012 at 12:16 PM
For those of you commentators who call the church attenders hypocrites - you need to understant that your non-churched buddies, and even you, are sinners (me too) in the eyes of a Holy God. The root problem is ignoring God and his Holy Word in favor of social "norms".
Roxborough Area Man September 28, 2012 at 12:51 PM
NEWS BREAK: Atheists everywhere are rioting and killing each other in a dispute between various factions, each determining to impose their view of atheism upon the other groups.... ...oh wait, that never happens. Hmmmm......perhaps the problem is simply religion?
Richard Weisgrau September 28, 2012 at 02:13 PM
No one called "church attenders hypocrites." I said the Church, that is, the institution's hierarchy, was hypocritical. I do not think that most Catholics fall into that category. I respect all the faithful of all religions as long as they do not try to impose their beliefs on others. Note that I said impose not persuade.
Andrew Wilt September 28, 2012 at 02:41 PM
Organized religion continues to be the single greatest cause of mayhem and strife on the planet. Before you get all excited and want to hunt me down and behead me, please note that I wrote the word "organized". It's perfectly natural to have a personal belief in a deity, or cosmic force, or whatever you think "God" is, or not. It's when those who seek to control others enter the picture that trouble begins.
Joe Rooney September 28, 2012 at 02:42 PM
Richard: I don't understand your comment. Did you read the article? It almost seems as if your effort is an exact example of the anti-catholicism of which the Archbishop is writing. Do you hold the sins of the father upon the son? Are all guilty in your eyes? The archbishop is writing to a Catholic audience, he quotes Gallup, and adds two of his own observations but the main thrust of his article is his recommendation of two books he found compelling and worth reading. I cannot for the life of me figure out how this short article would spawn comments like hypocrisy, disdain and child molestation. I wish you well, but believe you should reflect before you strike. Respectfully, Joe Rooney
Mary191 September 29, 2012 at 01:45 AM
I agree... good one Rox man :) We can only imagine how many children have been saved as the news media and courts have exposed the many, many church cover ups (all over the world). It sure was a fancy shore house that was recently sold by the Church..... wonder how much of the offering goes to legal bills for child molesters and keeping up fancy properties for a handful of Church leaders.
Joe The Nerd Ferraro September 29, 2012 at 03:54 AM
Archbishop, I am sorry, but I have little or no trust in the ability of the Catholic Church to own up to it's sins. When a penitent asks for forgiveness - they have to do something to show remorse. What has The Church shown? As a Catholic watching the trials of the cover-ups, all I see is deflection and displacement. There is nothing humble about The Church's actions. The Church has lost any moral authority to comment on public life at this point. One of your brethren in Illinois is openly putting out videos injecting himself in the election. If you want to use The Church for political purposes (as you did in Denver), pay taxes on everything. Those are the rules in the United States. Otherwise - one could make an argument that you are stealing from the treasury of public funds. In other words - get the log out of your own eye first.
Richard Weisgrau September 29, 2012 at 03:58 AM
Well said. As a taxpayer I am tired of subsidizing the Church in its attempt to impose its beliefs on those of us who do not accept those beliefs.
Mary191 September 29, 2012 at 04:10 AM
I give my money to other organizations who are trying to do good in the world..... oh... I forgot... their "books" are transparent...... seems reasonable to me..... unless you have things you want to hide.
Richard Weisgrau September 29, 2012 at 06:00 AM
Right Mary. The transparent books have covers of lead. I can remember as a child hearing that the congregation should contribute money so that the Church could help the global poor. I also remember that at the same time my local parish was asking for money for stained glass windows for the new church under construction. I wondered why the Church did not convert gold candlesticks and chalices, stained glass windows, silk vestment, and substantial property holdings into cash for those poor that the Church suggested we should deny ourselves for.
Morgan King September 29, 2012 at 06:28 AM
Sorry, Bill Poll, but sin is a concept you and your religious community's leaders made up. Your Holy God and His Holy Word are myths - you know, like Zeus and Odin? - and those writings are intended to be broad moral lessons to instruct the simplest of people in the basic tenets of civilization which are, unfortunately, often taught through the fear and shame imposed by imaginary cosmic rules and the vaguest of arbitrary moral guidelines.
Sharpie September 29, 2012 at 09:58 AM
Love is beyond beliefs. Only actions are capable of revealing love. If your actions belie what you say you believe, they are the only proof necessary of the true condition of your heart. Humanity is no longer fooled by belief systems. "By their fruits, you will know them." It would be better for some to stop believing, and just start loving. No one cares what you believe. Love cannot be fooled; lit reveals itself.
Roxborough Area Man October 01, 2012 at 01:46 PM
"No one cares what you believe." No one believes that for one second. Caring for what someone else believes has led to millions of deaths, untold misery, strife and wasting of resources that could be used as, say, Jesus would prefer - taking care of those less fortunate.
Sharpie October 01, 2012 at 02:00 PM
Believing and loving are not the same. If you beliefs belie what you say you believe, they are not helpful to you. Believe in love and caring, but if you're not acting on it, it hasn't helped you. Love is simple, and greater than beliefs.


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